“Lady Jane” from Aftermath – my personal favorite album by The Rolling Stones – is a wonderful piece of baroque rock, a style that blends elements of rock music with classical music. Other examples of this genre from the time are the Left Banke’s “Walk Away Renee” and Procol Harum’s “A Whiter Shade of Pale.”
This song was written by Mick Jagger at the beginning of 1966 after he had read D.H. Lawrence’s classic novel Lady Chatterley’s Novel, in which the sex organs of the woman are christened Lady Jane. Most of the other names are placed in a nonsensical order and are part of a general wish of its songwriter to evoke the feelings of England during Elizabethan times.
The sound of the song, which conveys the medieval charge of the lyrics, is the atmosphere created by the musical genius of Brian Jones and his subtle performance of the dulcimer – perhaps the best performance of this instrument in any rock song.